Просвещение с Востока: Казанский университет и российские концепции Востока в начале XIX века

Susan Smith-Peter

Аннотация


В статье прослежено, как ряд авторов в первые годы существования Казанского университета (осн. в 1804 г.) рассматривали Восток одновременно как себя и Другого. Ренессанс ориенталистики в этот период видел в Востоке источник знания и света. Это объясняет преобладание более позитивного взгляда на Восток, чем в конце XIX века, когда в Россию из Европы проникла имперская враждебность к Востоку.

Старшее поколение казанских авторов 1810-х годов испытало влияние екатерининского классицизма и переняло его тропы, вновь сделав Восток центром российских дел и воспевая соединение Востока и Запада. На младшее поколение большее влияние оказал сентиментализм. Оно считало Восток близким себе, но все же отдельным от себя.

Изучая этих авторов, мы глубже понимаем, как Россия и Восток взаимосвязаны на институциональном, интеллектуальном и личностном уровне.


Ключевые слова


ориентализм; Россия между Востоком и Западом; Казанский университет; русская литература; Сергей Аксаков; татары

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17805/zpu.2016.1.29

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